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The Humboldt University of Berlin is a research university located in Berlin, Germany. It was established by Frederick William III on the initiative of Wilhelm von Humboldt, Johann Friedrich Schlegel and Alexander von Humboldt as the first university in Prussia with the aim of promoting "quality research", according to the principles outlined in the Education Reform Edict of 1809. From 1810 to 1818 the university was known as the Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität, which was also used in official documents until its name was changed to Humboldt-Universität in 1828.
The university has been the home to many of Germany's greatest intellectuals in the last two centuries, including subjectivist idealist philosopher Johann Gottlieb Fichte, theologian Friedrich Schleiermacher, and objective idealist philosopher G. W. F. Hegel, and a key figure in physics Max Planck. The university is also linked to 11 Nobel Prize winners, considered the founders of the modern education system.
In recent years, the university has invested a great deal of money into rebuilding its infrastructure. In 1998, the historic main building on Unter den Linden boulevard was reopened after having been largely gutted by fire in April of that year. It now houses the new Library of the Humanities.